Difference Between UNS and ASTM Spec.

Materials used in piping  could be referred to by using UNS (Unified Numbering System) or  the requirements of an ASTM  (American Society of Testing and Materials) specification cover the following:
. Chemical requirements (the significant chemicals used in the production and the volumes).
. Mechanical requirements (yield, tensile strength, elongation, hardness).
. Method of manufacture.
. Heat treatment.
. Weld repairs.
. Tolerances.
. Certification.
. Markings.
. Supplementary notes.

On the other hand,  organization of UNS  designations follows:  UNS Series Metal
A00001 to A99999 Aluminum and aluminum alloys
C00001 to C99999 Copper and copper alloys
D00001 to D99999 Specified mechanical property steels
E00001 to E99999 Rare earth and rare-earth-like metals and alloys
F00001 to F99999 Cast irons
G00001 to G99999 AISI and SAE carbon and alloy steels (except tool steels)
H00001 to H99999 AISI and SAE H-steels
J00001 to J99999 Cast steels (except tool steels)
K00001 to K99999 Miscellaneous steels and ferrous alloys
L00001 to L99999 Low-melting metals and alloys
M00001 to M99999 Miscellaneous nonferrous metals and alloys
N00001 to N99999 Nickel and nickel alloys
P00001 to P99999 Precious metals and alloys
R00001 to R99999 Reactive and refractory metals and alloys
S00001 to S99999 Heat and corrosion resistant (stainless) steels
T00001 to T99999 Tool steels, wrought and cast
W00001 to W99999 Welding filler metals
Z00001 to Z99999 Zinc and zinc alloys

Therefor, the main difference between astm and uns is that the first focus on the mechanical properties , but the second focuses on the chemical composition.

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